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Unraveling the Mystery Between Multi-Groove and Spiral-Grooved Dowel Pins

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Unraveling the Mystery Between Multi-Groove and Spiral-Grooved Dowel Pins

Apr 8, 2024
Unraveling the Mystery Between Multi-Groove and Spiral-Grooved Dowel Pins

In the vast world of woodworking and cabinetry, precision and strength are paramount. Dowel pins play a crucial role in achieving these qualities, providing stability and alignment in various joinery applications.  

Cincinnati Dowel & Wood Products, with its rich history and commitment to quality, offers a range of dowel pins to cater to different needs. In this article, we will delve into the differences between multi-grooved (MG) dowel pins and spiral-grooved (SG) dowel pins, helping you make an informed decision for your next project. 

Multi-Grooved Dowel Pins april blog

Multi-Grooved Dowel Pins: 


Also known as fluted dowel pins, multi-grooved dowel pins are characterized by their multiple parallel grooves running along their length. These grooves play a vital role in the function of the dowel pin, providing several benefits. 

Glue Displacement: The grooves allow for excess glue to escape when the dowel is inserted into a hole, ensuring a snug fit. This is crucial for preventing hydraulic pressure build-up, which could lead to joint failure or misalignment. 

Even Glue Distribution: The grooves also help in distributing glue evenly around the dowel pin, ensuring a strong bond between the dowel and the wood. 

Easy Insertion: The design of multi-grooved dowel pins makes them easier to insert, as the grooves compress slightly, reducing friction. 

Enhanced Grip: The grooves provide additional surface area for the glue to adhere to, enhancing the grip of the dowel pin and contributing to a stronger joint. 

spiral grooved dowel pins april blog

Spiral-Grooved Dowel Pins:


Spiral-grooved dowel pins, on the other hand, feature a single helical groove winding around the dowel. This unique design offers a set of advantages distinct from its multi-grooved counterpart. 

Improved Flexibility: The spiral groove allows the dowel pin to flex slightly, accommodating minor misalignments in the hole. This is particularly beneficial in applications where absolute precision in hole placement is challenging to achieve. 

Enhanced Glue Distribution: Much like the multi-grooved dowel pins, spiral-grooved dowel pins also promote even glue distribution. However, the helical nature of the groove ensures that the glue is spread in a spiral pattern, potentially creating a stronger bond. 

Easy Removal: If a joint needs to be disassembled, the spiral groove allows for easier removal of the dowel pin, as air can enter the groove and reduce suction.

Excellent for End Grain Applications: Spiral-grooved dowel pins are often preferred for end grain applications, as the spiral groove ensures better glue adhesion, providing a stronger hold. 


Choosing the Right Dowel Pin: 


When it comes to selecting the right dowel pin for your project, several factors need to be considered. 

  1. Application: Consider the specific requirements of your project. If you need a dowel pin for an end grain application or a situation where minor misalignments are expected, a spiral-grooved dowel pin might be the better choice. For general joinery applications where ease of insertion and a strong grip are paramount, a multi-grooved dowel pin would be more suitable.

  2. Material: Both multi-grooved and spiral-grooved dowel pins are available in a variety of materials, including hardwoods like oak and softwoods like pine. The choice of material will depend on the specific needs of your project, including considerations of strength, weight, and appearance. Unless otherwise noted, all the dowel pins we offer are made from birch. 

  3. Size: Dowel pins come in a range of sizes, and selecting the appropriate diameter and length is crucial for ensuring a strong, stable joint. Ensure that the dowel pin is appropriately sized for the thickness of the material you are working with. Cincinnati Dowel offers dowel pins in a wide range diameters and lengths. Also, both standard and metric sizes are available to meet your needs. 

Discover the Right Dowel Pins for You with Cincinnati Dowel  


Both multi-grooved and spiral-grooved dowel pins offer unique advantages that cater to different joinery applications.  

Cincinnati Dowel & Wood Products stands ready to provide high-quality dowel pins of both types, ensuring that you have access to the best materials for your project. Whether you prioritize ease of insertion, even glue distribution, or accommodation of minor misalignments, there is a dowel pin that meets your needs. 

The ability to understand the distinctions between these two types of dowel pins is key to making an informed choice, ensuring the longevity, stability, and precision of your woodworking endeavors. So, embark on your next project with confidence, armed with the knowledge to select the perfect dowel pin for the job! 

For wooden dowel pins you can count on, browse our selection of dowel pins today!  

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